Could someone please provide some more clarity on the nature of the antagonist and the villain?
Firstly, I’ve read in a lot of non-dramatica places that the antagonist doesn’t have to be a person. For example, this IMDB page lists 25 non-human antagonists.
However, this Dramatica page on antagonist and villain, and other places with Dramatica definitions, describe the Antagonist specifically as a character or person (eg Dramatica book p.229). The Dramatica book also says that the shark in Jaws is the antagonist (p.38). Must the antagonist be a character that is a conscious being? Or is the term “character” being used more loosely and can include unconscious agents like forces of nature? I also ask this because Dramatica characters also represent different facets of the human mind trying to solve a problem. So how can an unconscious force of nature like a tornado represent this? But if the antagonist must be intelligent or conscious to some degree, how then, do we code an “antagonist” in a story that is a force of nature or a killer disease on the loose etc? Is the antagonist a character that is a conscious agent that somehow aligns itself with the force of nature in a way that opposes the goal of the protagonist? To me it makes more sense of the antagonist is the actual force of nature, but if so, I don’t get how an impersonal, unconscious entity relates to the Storymind- ie a facet of the human mind trying to solve a problem.
Secondly, I’ve found an inconsistency with Aliens and the nature of the villain. This page on the villain says that the villain is a combination of the antagonist and the influence character (or possibly the protagonist and influence character). Ok. Fair enough. So in moving to the example of Aliens, this page dealing with the Antagonist says that in Aliens, the aliens/alien Queen are the villain. But this analysis of Aliens says that Ripley is the Main character and Newt is the influence character. The aliens/alien queen are neither main nor influence character. So what exactly is a villain if it can be someone other than the influence or main character? Dramatica theory uses very precisely defined terms. Yet there seems to be an inconsistency in the case of Aliens.