Your question is... kind of impenetrable. I'll try and answer it as best as I can, though.
The way I think about it is through the four Situation Types: Past, Present, Progress, and Future.
Purpose is inherently tied to the past. You want what you want because of the things in your past. Sort of a Freudian concept, if you think about it. Understanding is about coming to terms with the past, Planning is about overcoming the past, and Memories are about considering and living in the past. For example, in a story I was working on, it was a character's Projection of rebuilding the past that was the main spur of his actions. He wanted just to rebuild his old estate, but the Steadfast Main Character convinced him to expand his dream out to the entire city (Speculating a wider range of influence). The way characters respect the way things were is critical to understanding their goals.
Means of evaluation is tied to the way things are changing. I think this is pretty obvious. As things change, you need to know how they're changing and to what degree. Doing is about making that change effective, Being is about embodying that change properly, and Instincts are about responding to these changes. So when all a character worries about as the war continues is whether their Cause is right, redirect their attention to the positive Effects the war has brought. So the change seemed bad at first, but a new way of evaluating that change makes it seem better.
Motivation is tied to the future. You act the way you act because you are drawn to a specific future that you desire. This is why characters Pursue, or Control, or Help: because they believe that's the way to get to the future they want. Obtaining is about claiming a certain future thing or state. Becoming is about changing into a future something. Desires are about what you want for the future. So when a character believes that the only way to save his daughter from certain death is by Opposing a certain course of action, there is no way you can ever convince him to Support it instead. He sees Oppose as his only motivation towards the future he craves.
Methodology is specifically about how the present moves. A different methodology means the way a character interacts with the present changes. A character may Pursue because they want to reach some future, but they fill the present through Acceptance or Inaction. "Pursue through Inaction," as I put it once. Gathering Information is about claiming the present. Conceiving is about having a new point of view towards the present. Contemplation means your attitude towards the present. So a character struggles with his day-to-day because he's too Protective. Only letting go, being Inactive, will make his present struggles go away. His methodology is causing the present to be difficult.
...Does that answer the question?