Hmm, let's try to learn ( ) by example... What's the Story Goal of The Lives of Others?
(WARNING: slight spoilers)
The Concern is really well illustrated by the "gathering information" gist -- state surveillance. "State surveillance of seditious artists" is even listed as the OS description in the analysis. Yet, the Outcome is success so the Goal must have to do with another instance of Learning -- one which the protagonist(s) were for.
I remember the emotion of the film's last act better than the actual events, but could the Goal be something to do with everyone learning what was really going on, learning what the Stasi was doing to people?
You can see how that fits the quote from Jim. Everyone is embroiled in the process of Learning in that film. I think the so-called seditious artist characters talk about trying to get the truth out, but it's not like this huge bullseye target the way Obtaining often is.
I don't think Jim means that the Goal should be that vague. "Achieve the process of learning" is not specific enough, IMO. (I'm not sure if you were suggesting that could be an actual story goal?) In your example, "learn y" would be the Story Goal.
The Story Goal is an objective point, so the author should know what it is even when the characters are concerned with something else. It might not become clear to the audience until the end.
Notice Jim said "tend to". I think it would still be valid to have a an explicit Learning goal with a Protagonist that was shouting it from the rooftops, as long as the conflict came from "doing what it takes to Learn."